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中国直线电机市场研究报告

更新时间:2020-03-27  点击次数:1989次

DANGQIAN,WOGUOJINGJIZONGTIBAOCHILEPINGWENYUNXINGDETAISHI,JINGJIZENGZHANGZHILIANGTIGAO,JIUYEWENDINGZENGJIA,JIAGEWENHESHANGZHANG。JINGJIGONGQIUSHIHENGDETAISHIZHENGZAIHUANJIE,JINGJIZENGZHANGXIANXIANCHUZHILIANGHEXIAOYIZHUBUGAISHANDEQUSHI。2018NIANWOGUOJINGJIZENGZHANGMIANLINXIAXINGYALI,ZONGTISHANGJIANGCHENGXIANNEIXUZENGSUXIAOFUHUIDIAO、WAIXUZENGZHANGYOUFUZHUANZHENGDETEDIAN。


随着“工业4.0”和“智能制造”等政策的出台与推进,国家加大了对工业制造的投入与支持。工业机械自动化程度的不断升级,有力地带动了上游直线电机在中国的快速成长。国外品牌纷纷加大对中国市场的投入力度,与此同时国内小品牌迅速加入到直线电机的生产制造中,尤其在沿海地区,每年有将近20多家新的直线电机公司成立。




在国内市场上,直线电机虽然还处于发展的初期阶段,产品工艺和技术方面还需进一步完善和成熟,但是乘着工业机械自动化程度不断升级的浪潮,未来发展前景良好。从2013年开始,国内直线电机市场持续保持快速发展,在国内占主要地位的部分厂商更是取得成倍增长。例如:雅科贝思和上银,2013~2014年直线电机业务都实现了翻倍增长,2017年雅科贝思增速稍有放缓,但业绩仍排名第一。作为雅科贝思竞争对手的上银,在国内的竞争力也不可小觑。其他主要品牌如:科尔摩根、大族电机、安川电机、山洋电机等也保持着20%~30%的增速。从应用行业角度来看,半导体、激光加工、机床三个行业的应用比例约占到68%,其他3C电子、锂电池等新兴行业的应用也呈增长趋势。


YI、SHICHANGTIAOZHAN


ZHIXIANDIANJIZAIGUONEIHAICHUYUFAZHANDECHUQIJIEDUAN,MUQIAN,MIANLINZHEYANJUNDESHICHANGTIAOZHAN。


1、产品参差不齐


XIANGYING“SHISANWU”GUIHUA,GUONEIXINXINGDEXIAOPINPAIZHIXIANDIANJICHANGSHANGRUYUHOUCHUNSUNBANYONGXIAN,WAIZIPINPAICHANGSHANGYEFENFENJIADADUIGUONEISHICHANGDETOURU。DANSHIMUQIANHAIMEIYOUTONGYIDEBIAOZHUNJINXINGGUIHUAHEGUANLI。WULUNSHICHANPINDEJIEGOU,WAIGUAN,HAISHICHANPINDEJISHUCANSHUFANGMIANDOUCHENGXIANCHUGONGYINGSHANGGEZIDEFENGGE。ZHEIZHONGJUMIANBULIYUGEXIANGYEWUDEKAIZHAN。LIRU:YIDANCHUXIANWENTI,BIXUYAODIAOPAIZHUANRENQUXIANCHANGJIEJUEWENTI。


2、市场对产品功能提出更高要求


SUIZHEZHONGGUOGONGYELINGYUGEGEXINGYEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,YAOQIUSUOSHENGCHANDECHANPINZHILIANGYUELAIYUEGAO,DUIJIQIDEXINGNENG,SUDU,JINGDUDENGYAOQIUYEZHUJIANTIGAO,YOUQIZAISHUKONGJICHUANG、BANDAOTIJICHENGSHEBEIDENGJIXIESHANGBIAOXIANDEGENGWEIMINGXIAN。YUANLAIZHANJUZHUDAODIWEIDESIFUJIASIGANGZUHE,YEZHENGSHIYINWEIJIANJIANWUFAMANZUZHEIXIEYAOQIU,ZHEICAIYOULEZHIXIANDIANJIDEXUNSUCHENGZHANG。ZHIXIANDIANJIZAIXINGNENG、SUDU、JINGDUDENGFANGMIANXUYAOBUDUANJINGJIN,BUDUANTIGAO,YOUQISHIGUOCHANPINPAI。


3、国内控制技术有待提高


ZHIXIANDIANJIGUOWAIFAZHANBIGUONEIZAO,MUQIANZAIJINGMIJICHUANGDENGJIAGONGSHEBEISHANGYIJINGDEDAOHENGAODEYINGYONGSHUIPING,DANZAIGUONEIZHIXIANDIANJIHAICHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN。GUONEIDEJISHURENYUANZAIZHIXIANDIANJIDEYINGYONGFANGMIANHAIBUTAISHUXI,MEIYOUFENGFUDEJINGYAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUONEIDEKONGZHIJISHUJIAOGUOWAIXIANGBIYOUYIDINGDECHAJU。YINCIMUQIANJIEDUANZHUYAOHAISHIYIXUANZEGUOWAIPINPAIDEZHIXIANDIANJIWEIZHULIUQUSHI。




4、价格太高


GUONEIZHIXIANDIANJISHICHANGSHANGWAIZIPINPAIYUEZHAN60%YISHANG,BIRU:YAKEBEISI、SHANGYIN、KEERMOGENDENGDENG。GUOCHANPINPAIDUOERZA,BINGQIEJUNBUCHUZHONG。SUIRANJIAGEYUANDIYUJINKOUCHANPIN,DANSHIZAIJISHU、ZHIZAOGONGYI、ZHILIANGFANGMIANHAIYOUDAITIGAO,HAIWEISHOUDAODAZHONGCHANGSHANGDEGUANGFANRENKE。YINCIGUONEIDADEKEHUZHUYAOHAISHIYICAIGOUWAIZIPINPAI。WAIZIZHIXIANDIANJIJUEDADUOSHUSHIJINKOUDE,GUJIAGEYIZHIJUGAOBUXIA。YUSIFUDIANJIJIAGUNZHUSIGANGDEZUHEXIANGBI,ZHIXIANDIANJIDEJIAGEGAODEDUO,CONGERZHIYUELEBUFENCHANGSHANGDEXUQIU。


ER、ZHIXIANDIANJISHICHANGGUIMOMIAOSHU


2013NIANYILAI,ZHIXIANDIANJICHIXUBAOCHIZHEKUAISUZENGZHANG。2016NIANZHENGTIYEJITONGBIZENGZHANG30%。2017NIANTONGBIZENGZHANG28.5%。ZHIXIANDIANJIZHUYAOYINGYONGZAIBANDAOTI、JIGUANGJIAGONG、JICHUANG、LIDIANCHIDENGXINGYE。WEILAIJINIAN,SHOU“SHISANWU”GUIHUAYINGXIANG,YUJIWEILAIZHEIXIEXINGYEDOUCHENGXIAN20%YISHANGDEKUAISUZENGZHANG。YINCIMIRRUIGONGYEYUCE,WEILAI3NIANZHIXIANDIANJISHICHANGRENGRANBAOCHIKUAISUZENGZHANG,ZENGSUZAI30%ZUOYOU,RUTU1、BIAO1SUOSHI。



图1 2015-2021年中国直线市场规模增长预期(百万元)


表1 2015-2021中国直线电机市场规模增长预期


SAN、ZHIXIANDIANJISHICHANGGUIMOXIFEN


1、直线电机市场规模


A.按行业细分


直线电机主要用于OEM市场,其中机床、半导体设备、激光加工设备是直线电机的主要市场。


2017NIAN,ZHIXIANDIANJIZHENGTISHICHANGZHONG,JICHUANGYIRANSHIZHIXIANDIANJIYINGYONGZUIDUODEXINGYE,ZHANZONGTISHICHANGDE25.2%,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIFANGDIANJIAGONGJIJIGAOSUSHUKONGJICHUANG,RUTU2SUOSHI。


ZHINENGZHIZAOJIWOGUODESHUKONGJICHUANGXINGYEDAILAIXINDEJIYUHETIAOZHAN。SUIZHECHANYEJIXIEDEZIDONGHUACHENGDUDETIGAO,DUIJICHUANGSHEBEIDEYAOQIUZHENGYUELAIYUEGAO。GAOSUHUA、GAOJINGDUHUA、FUHEHUA、ZHINENGHUA、KAIFANGHUA、BINGLIANQUDONGHUA、WANGLUOHUA、JIDUANHUA、LVSEHUAYICHENGWEISHUKONGJICHUANGFAZHANDEQUSHIHEFANGXIANG。ZHIXIANDIANJIPINGJIEQIGAOSUDU、GAOJINGDU、GAOGANGDUDEYOUSHI,KAISHIZHUBUBEIYINGYONGDAOJICHUANGSHANG。2017NIANZHIXIANDIANJIYINGYONGYUJICHUANGXINGYEDEYEJI,ZHANZHIXIANDIANJIZHENGTIYEJIDE25.2%。WEILAISUIZHEGUOJIAZHENGCETUIDONG,SHIYONGZHIXIANDIANJIDEJICHUANGBILIKENENGHUIYOUSUOSHANGSHENG。


QICISHIBANDAOTIXINGYE,JINJINIANLAI,BANDAOTIXINGYEZUOWEIGUOJIAGAOXINJISHUCHANYE,DEDAOLEGUOJIAHEGEJIZHENGFUBUMENDEZHONGSHI,ZHENGCETUIDONGXIAHUODEKUAISUFAZHAN,2017NIANZHIXIANDIANJIZAIBANDAOTIXINGYEDEYEJIYUEZHANZHENGTISHICHANGDE22.5%。“SHISANWU”QIJIAN,ZHENGFUHEDIFANGRENGRANTUICHUYIXILIEZHENGCE,DALIGULIHEZHICHIBANDAOTIXINGYEDEFAZHAN。MIRRUIGONGYEYUCE,WEILAIBANDAOTIXINGYERENGHUICHUXIANKUAISUZENGZHANG,ZENGFUYUEWEI22.5%。


JIGUANGJIAGONGSHEBEIYESHIZHIXIANDIANJIZHUYAOYUNYONGXINGYEZHIYI,YIFANGMIAN,SUIZHEJISHUDEFAZHAN,ZHIXIANDIANJIDEXINGNENGBUDUANTIGAO,CHENGBENRIYIXIAJIANG,WEIQIGUANGFANDEYINGYONGCHUANGZAOLETIAOJIAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIGUANGJIAGONGSHEBEI,LIRUJIGUANGQIEGEJIYINGYONGXINGYEBUDUANDIDUIQIEGEZHILIANGHEQIEGEXIAOLVTICHUGENGGAODEYAOQIU。WEICI,ZHIXIANDIANJIQUDONGDEJIGUANGQIEGEJIYINGYUNERSHENG。YINQISUDUKUAI、JIASUDUDA、DINGWEIJINGDUGAO,ERSHENSHOUSHICHANGSHANGZHONGGAODUANKEHUDEQINGLAI。2017NIANZAIJIGUANGJIAGONGXINGYE,ZHIXIANDIANJISHICHANGGUIMOZHANBIDADAO20.8%。


CIWAI,ZHIXIANDIANJIZAILIDIANCHI、EMS、DIANZIZHIZAODENGXINGYEDOUYOUYINGYONG,WEILAISUIZHEZHINENGZHIZAO、GONGYEZIDONGHUADESHENRUTUIJIN,ZHIXIANDIANJIDESHICHANGJIANGHUIJINYIBUKUODA,SHICHANGGUIMOHUIZHUBUZENGDA。



图2 中国直线电机市场规模-分行业(百万元)


B.按产品类别细分


直线电机分有铁芯和无铁芯直线电机,有铁芯直线电机推力大适用于点对点定位作业无铁芯运动平滑适用于轨迹作业,两者应用场合不一样。有铁芯直线电机主要用在机床、激光加工机、以及半导体设备行业,无铁芯直线电机电子设备、半导体设备、医疗机械、纺织机械、包装机械等行业。从价格方面来看,有铁芯直线电机相对无铁芯直线电机更为实惠,如图3所示。



图3 中国直线电机市场规模-分产品


C.按区域细分


直线电机市场主要集中在华南、华东、华北三个地区。如图4所示,华南占比44%,主要是半导体、电子制造等行业大多集中在华南地区。华东地区主要是大型制造业、机床、激光加工和医疗设备行业,对直线电机的需求量也较大,占总体市场的27.8%。华北地区占比19.5%,主要来自于机床、激光加工设备。



图4 中国直线电机市场规模-分区域


2、直线电机分供应商市场规模


目前,国外品牌占据了中国直线电机60%以上的市场份额,品牌主要集中在新加坡、台湾、日本和欧美。其中,新加坡品牌以19%的市场份额雄踞首位,其产品特点是技术和性能水准比较符合中国用户的需求,有一定的价格优势,以良好的性能价格比和较高的可靠性,获得了稳定且持续的客户源,如图5所示。


ZUOWEIYAKEBEISIZHUYAOJINGZHENGDUISHOUDETAIWANSHANGYIN,YEBUKEXIAOQU。SHANGYINCHANPINXIANFENGFU,YEWUHANGAILINGYUGUANG,ZIJIACHANPINJIANDEDAPEISHIYONGDUGAO,GUYONGYOULEYIBUFENWENDINGDESHICHANG。JIAZHIZHIXIANDIANJIZHILIANGKEKAO,JIAGEJIAOQITAWAIZIPINPAIDI,SHENSHOUKEHUQINGLAI。2017NIANZHIXIANDIANJIYEJIZHANZHENGTISHICHANGDE13.8%。


ZAIOUMEIPINPAIZHONG,KEERMOGEN、Parker、siemensYEYOUXIANGDANGDEYOUSHI。ZHEIXIEOUMEIPINPAIZONGDESHICHANGZHANYOULVYUE8.5%。


CHUXINJIAPO、TAIWAN、OUMEIZHIXIANDIANJIPINPAIWAI,RIXIZHIXIANDIANJIDEYINGYONGYEJIAOGUANG,QIJISHUSHUIPINGHEJIAGESHUIPINGJUYUJINKOUZHONGDUANCHANPINHEGUOCHANPINPAIZHIJIAN,ZAIZONGTIYEJIZHONGYUEZHANBI21.3%。


中国国内的品牌主要有大族电机、郑州微纳科技、嘉兴华嶺、青岛同日等,沿海地区一年将近20家小品牌加入到直线电机的生产中。目前国产品牌在总市场占有率在30%左右。



TU5 ZHONGGUOZHIXIANDIANJIZHUYAOGONGYINGSHANGGUIMO 

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